The Citizenship-by-Investment Program: Your Gateway to a New Life

Türkiye, a country that bridges the continents of Europe and Asia, is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes, and strategic geopolitical importance. Recently, it has also become a top destination for global investors seeking a second citizenship.

The Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program offers an attractive pathway to obtaining Turkish citizenship through real estate investment, business ventures, or financial contributions. This guide provides an in-depth look at the program, its benefits, requirements, and processes.

Introduction to the Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program

What is the Citizenship-by-Investment Program?

The Citizenship-by-Investment Program in Türkiye allows foreign nationals to acquire Turkish citizenship by making a significant investment in the country. Introduced in 2017, this program aims to attract foreign capital and boost the local economy by offering investors the opportunity to become Turkish citizens.

Benefits of Turkish Citizenship

Obtaining Turkish citizenship through this program comes with numerous benefits, including:

  • Visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to over 110 countries: Turkish passport holders enjoy greater travel freedom.
  • Eligibility for E-2 Investor Visa in the USA: Turkish citizens can apply for the E-2 Visa, allowing them to live and work in the United States.
  • High-quality healthcare and education: Türkiye offers excellent healthcare services and educational institutions.
  • Dual citizenship: Türkiye allows dual citizenship, so investors do not have to renounce their original nationality.
  • Thriving business environment: With its growing economy and strategic location, Türkiye provides numerous business opportunities.

Investment Options

real estate investment villa

Real Estate Investment

One of the most popular routes to Turkish citizenship is through real estate investment. To qualify, investors must purchase property worth at least $400,000 and commit to holding the property for at least three years. Türkiye's diverse real estate market offers a range of options, from luxurious apartments in Istanbul to serene villas on the Aegean coast.

Capital Investment

Investors can also obtain Turkish citizenship by making a capital investment of at least $500,000. This can be in the form of a deposit in a Turkish bank, government bonds, or venture capital investment. The investment must be maintained for a minimum of three years.

Business Investment

Starting or investing in a business that creates at least 50 jobs for Turkish citizens is another pathway to citizenship. This option encourages entrepreneurs to contribute to the Turkish economy while securing their citizenship.

Investment in Government Funds

Another option is to invest at least $500,000 in government-approved funds or real estate investment trusts (REITs) for a period of three years. This option provides a more hands-off investment approach for those who prefer not to engage directly in business or real estate management.

Eligibility Criteria

Basic Requirements

To be eligible for the Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program, applicants must:

  • Be at least 18 years old.
  • Have no criminal record.
  • Pass a security clearance check.
  • Prove the lawful source of the investment funds.
  • Fulfill the specific investment requirements.

a family buying simit in istanbul

Family Members

Applicants can include their spouse and dependent children under 18 in their citizenship application. This allows families to benefit from Turkish citizenship together, providing them with enhanced opportunities and security.

Application Process

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Choose an Investment Option: Decide on the type of investment that best suits your financial situation and preferences.
  2. Make the Investment: Complete the necessary investment transactions, such as purchasing real estate or depositing funds in a Turkish bank.
  3. Gather Required Documents: Prepare all necessary documents, including passports, birth certificates, proof of investment, and police clearance certificates.
  4. Submit the Application: Apply to the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM) or a Turkish consulate abroad.
  5. Undergo Background Checks: The Turkish authorities will conduct thorough background checks on the applicant and their family members.
  6. Receive Approval and Obtain Citizenship: Once the application is approved, the applicant and their family members will receive Turkish citizenship and passports.

Processing Time

The entire process, from investment to obtaining citizenship, typically takes between three to six months, making it one of the fastest citizenship-by-investment programs available.

Required Documents

Personal Documents

  • Valid passports for all applicants.
  • Birth certificates.
  • Marriage certificate (if applicable).
  • Passport-sized photographs.
  • Police clearance certificates from the country of origin and any other country where the applicant has resided for more than six months in the past ten years.

Investment Documents

  • Proof of real estate purchase or capital investment.
  • Bank statements showing the transfer of funds.
  • Property appraisal reports (for real estate investments).
  • Proof of business ownership or employment creation (for business investments).

Advantages of Living in Türkiye

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Quality of Life

Türkiye offers a high quality of life with its beautiful landscapes, vibrant cities, and rich cultural heritage. From the bustling metropolis of Istanbul to the tranquil beaches of Antalya, there is something for everyone.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Türkiye is relatively low compared to many Western countries. Affordable housing, food, and transportation make it an attractive destination for expatriates and retirees.

Healthcare and Education

Türkiye has a well-developed healthcare system, with modern hospitals and highly qualified medical professionals. The country also boasts numerous international schools and universities, providing quality education options for families.


Türkiye's diverse climate ranges from the Mediterranean warmth of the southern coast to the cooler, temperate conditions of the northern regions. This variety allows residents to enjoy different outdoor activities year-round.

Cultural Richness

Türkiye's rich history and cultural diversity are reflected in its architecture, cuisine, music, and traditions. Living in Türkiye provides a unique opportunity to experience a blend of Eastern and Western cultures.

Popular Cities for Investment

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As the largest city in Türkiye, Istanbul is a prime location for real estate investment. Its thriving economy, historical landmarks, and vibrant lifestyle attract both investors and tourists alike.


Known for its stunning Mediterranean beaches and luxury resorts, Antalya is a popular destination for those seeking a relaxed, coastal lifestyle. The city's real estate market offers a range of properties, from holiday apartments to exclusive villas.


As the capital of Türkiye, Ankara offers a stable political environment and numerous business opportunities. The city's growing real estate market is ideal for investors looking for commercial and residential properties.


Located on the Aegean coast, Izmir is known for its beautiful scenery and laid-back lifestyle. The city's real estate market is diverse, with options ranging from modern apartments to traditional houses.


Bursa, with its rich history and proximity to Istanbul, is an emerging real estate market. The city offers a mix of residential and commercial properties, making it an attractive option for investors.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I sell my property after obtaining Turkish citizenship?

Yes, you can sell your property after the mandatory three-year holding period. However, it is important to ensure that the investment value remains compliant with the program's requirements.

Is it possible to include extended family members in the application?

The Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program allows you to include your spouse and dependent children under 18. Extended family members such as parents and adult children are not eligible for inclusion under the same application.

Are there any language requirements for obtaining Turkish citizenship?

No, there are no language requirements for the Citizenship-by-Investment Program. Applicants are not required to demonstrate proficiency in the Turkish language.

What happens if my application is rejected?

If your application is rejected, you may appeal the decision or reapply, addressing any issues that led to the rejection. It is advisable to work with legal experts or consultants to ensure all requirements are met and the application is properly prepared.

Can I apply for Turkish citizenship if I have previously been denied a visa or citizenship in another country?

Each application is assessed on its own merits. A previous visa or citizenship denial in another country does not automatically disqualify you from the Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program. However, it is important to disclose all relevant information and work with legal advisors to address any potential concerns.

How can I find a reliable real estate agent or legal advisor in Türkiye?

To find a reliable real estate agent or legal advisor in Türkiye, seek recommendations from trusted sources, check credentials and experience, and consider working with firms that specialize in citizenship-by-investment services. Reputable agents and advisors can guide you through the process and help ensure a smooth transaction.

vintage map of turkiye

Legal Considerations

Legal Framework

The Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program is governed by the Turkish Citizenship Law No. 5901 and the regulations issued by the Ministry of Interior. Amendments to these laws, especially the ones introduced in 2017 and subsequent years, have facilitated the citizenship-by-investment process.

Due Diligence

Before making any investment, it is crucial to conduct due diligence to ensure compliance with Turkish laws and regulations. This includes verifying the legal status of the property, checking for any encumbrances, and ensuring that the investment meets the program's requirements.

Hiring a Legal Advisor

Engaging a legal advisor experienced in Turkish real estate and immigration law can significantly streamline the process. A legal advisor can assist with:

  • Verifying the legitimacy of the investment.
  • Preparing and submitting the necessary documents.
  • Navigating the application process.
  • Addressing any legal issues that may arise.

Tax Implications

Investors should be aware of the tax implications associated with their investment and obtaining Turkish citizenship. This includes property taxes, income taxes on rental income, and any applicable capital gains taxes. Consulting a tax advisor can provide clarity and help optimize the investment's financial benefits.

Post-Citizenship Benefits and Responsibilities

Travel Freedom

As a Turkish citizen, you gain visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to over 110 countries, including Japan, South Korea, Singapore, and many others. This travel freedom enhances personal and business opportunities globally.

Healthcare Access

Turkish citizens have access to the country's high-quality healthcare system, which includes public and private hospitals, clinics, and medical centres equipped with modern facilities and staffed by highly qualified medical professionals.

Educational Opportunities

Türkiye offers excellent educational opportunities, with numerous public and private schools, as well as top-tier universities that provide education in both Turkish and English. Turkish citizens can benefit from reduced tuition fees and scholarships available to local students.

Military Service

Male Turkish citizens are required to complete a term of military service. However, there are various options for fulfilling this obligation, including a shortened service period for those who meet certain conditions or a paid exemption.

Voting Rights

As a Turkish citizen, you have the right to vote in national and local elections. This allows you to participate in the democratic process and have a say in the country's governance and future direction.

Common Challenges and How to Overcome Them

Navigating Bureaucracy

The process of obtaining Turkish citizenship involves dealing with various governmental agencies and can be bureaucratic. To overcome this challenge, it is advisable to:

  • Work with experienced professionals, including real estate agents, legal advisors, and citizenship consultants.
  • Ensure all documentation is accurate and complete to avoid delays.
  • Stay informed about any changes in regulations or requirements.

Language Barrier

While many Turks speak English, especially in major cities, the official language is Turkish. Overcoming the language barrier can be facilitated by:

  • Hiring bilingual professionals who can assist with translation and communication.
  • Learning basic Turkish phrases to navigate daily interactions.
  • Using translation apps and services as needed.

Cultural Adjustment

Adjusting to a new culture can be challenging. To ease the transition:

  • Embrace the local culture by learning about Turkish customs, traditions, and social norms.
  • Participate in community events and activities to build connections.
  • Join expatriate groups and networks for support and guidance.

Case Studies: Success Stories

Case Study 1: Real Estate Investment in Istanbul

John, a British investor, decided to take advantage of the Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program by purchasing an apartment in Istanbul's upscale neighbourhood of Beşiktaş. The property, valued at $450,000, offered stunning views of the Bosphorus and excellent rental potential. John completed the purchase and held the property for three years, during which time he enjoyed rental income and significant appreciation in property value. After three years, John received his Turkish citizenship, gaining access to visa-free travel and enhanced business opportunities.

Case Study 2: Business Investment in Antalya

Maria, an entrepreneur from Russia, opted for the business investment route to Turkish citizenship. She invested $600,000 in a tourism-related business in Antalya, creating jobs for 60 Turkish citizens. Maria's business thrived in the bustling tourist city, and she received her Turkish citizenship within six months. The investment not only provided her with a new nationality but also a profitable business venture.

Case Study 3: Government Fund Investment

Ahmed, a wealthy individual from the UAE, chose to invest $500,000 in a government-approved real estate investment trust (REIT). This hands-off investment approach suited Ahmed's busy lifestyle, and he successfully met all the program's requirements. Within five months, Ahmed and his family obtained Turkish citizenship, allowing them to diversify their assets and secure a new home in Türkiye.

Future Prospects of the Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program

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Economic Growth and Stability

Türkiye's economy has shown resilience and growth over the past decade, making it an attractive destination for investment. The government's commitment to infrastructure development and economic reforms continues to create a favourable environment for investors.

Expanding Opportunities

As Türkiye continues to develop its tourism, technology, and manufacturing sectors, new investment opportunities are emerging. These sectors offer promising prospects for investors looking to diversify their portfolios and capitalize on the country's economic growth.

Continued Popularity of the Program

The Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program is expected to remain popular due to its relatively low investment threshold, fast processing times, and strategic benefits of Turkish citizenship. As more investors recognize the value and advantages of the program, it is likely to continue attracting significant interest from around the world.

The Turkish Citizenship-by-Investment Program provides a unique opportunity for investors to obtain citizenship in a country that offers rich cultural experiences, strategic advantages, and a high quality of life. Whether through real estate, capital investment, or business ventures, the program's flexible options cater to a variety of investor profiles.

By understanding the requirements, benefits, and processes involved, potential investors can make informed decisions and embark on a new journey with Turkish citizenship.